Beginning of May 2016, Ambassador Dr. Mohamed Shaker, member of the board of ECFA, paid a visit to Geneva where he participated, in the "Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG) on Nuclear Disarmament." This OEWG tackled the debate on Disarmament of nuclear weapons especially after the failure of the Geneva conference to reach any decision or progress regarding disarmament following the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) and the Convention on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (CPCW).
As a result of the great pressure exerted by the international civil society, a new movement began in Geneva through the creation of the Open-Ended Working Group to start a dialogue about the quick elimination of nuclear weapons, as well as to reach specific results in this direction. It is important to note that the great powers that produce nuclear weapons, as well as their allies, boycotted this dialogue.
What distinguished this dialogue from the previous dialogues is the fact that it was open to any participant from governments and civil society organizations. Furthermore, it did not differentiate between the participating civil society and states added to its uniqueness. Another advantage of this dialogue is that it was based on specific written texts submitted by the participants, in addition to the seriousness of the negotiations.
Dr. Shaker met with leaders of the international nuclear community, including, Rebecca Johnson president of The I Can Foundation and Alyn Ware from New Zealand.
After a long talk with Ware, Dr. Shaker was able to draft a project which would be submitted by the non-aligned nations and members of the New Agenda Coalition.
Dr. Shaker believes that this is a new age in the area of nuclear disarmament, characterized by unprecedented new features.