The Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs (ECFA) condemns the decision of the US President announced on 6 December 2017, recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of the state of Israel and the transfer of the US Embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. That decision is a challenge to the resolutions of international legitimacy adopted by the UN General Assembly and the Security Council (SC) since Resolution 181 of 1947 on the partition of Palestine. The said resolution for which the United States of America voted in favour and was the basis of the declaration of independence of the state of Israel made by David Ben Gurion on 15 May 1948. It should also be stated that resolution 181 has reserved Jerusalem and Bethlehem, as part III of the partition plan, the status of "Corpus Sepratum" under a special international regime.
The said American decision is also a challenge to other resolutions of international legitimacy, especially Security Council resolution 242 of 1967, which stipulated Israel's withdrawal from the territories it occupied since 5 June 1967, including Jerusalem, SC Resolution 478 of 1980, which rejected the Israeli government's decision to annex Jerusalem as an eternal capital to the State of Israel, and Security Council resolution 2334 of December 2016 which does not recognize any changes that were made by Israel to the 1967 lines, including Jerusalem, other than through negotiations, as well as other relevant General Assembly resolutions.
ECFA reiterates that the latest American decision is a provocation to the feelings of the Arab and Muslim peoples in the region, as well as Muslims and Christians throughout the world. The American recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel is equally considered a risk that adversely affects the chances and possibility of Washington to behave as honest and impartial mediator to reach a comprehensive peace settlement of the conflict in the Middle East and settle the disputes between the Palestinians and Israelis based on the two-state solution.
In this regard, ECFA welcomes the announcement made by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres that he would make every effort to resume negotiations between Palestinians and Israelis based on the two-state solution.