A POSITION PROPOSED BY THE EGYPTIAN COUNCIL FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS:-
1-President Trump’s declaration last February 15th after his discussions with Netanyahu in Washington that a two state solution is one of various proposed options on the table for settling the Palestinian question requiring approval of both parties should not be seen (or considered) a definite American position.
2- This declaration is considered a prelude to what is needed to include in the discussions on the occasion of the Honorable President of the Republic visit to Washington scheduled early March 2017, (attached is a memo including a list of UN relevant resolutions).
3-The two states solution is what the United Nations General Assembly has adopted in Resolution 181 of 1947 upon which Ben Gorion based his declaration on the 15th of May 1948 of the establishment of the state of Israel.
4-Israel violated provisions of United Nations Resolution 181 on the Partition of Palestine by its gradual control over 72% of the land of Palestine under the British Mandate, whereas the map in the annex of the Partition Resolution allocated only 56% of the land of Palestine to the Jewish state, including the city of Jerusalem- with a 6% of the Palestinian land under the Mandate – to be put in an independent status under International control
5-It is to be noted that Palestinian land which fell under Israeli control before the 4th of June 1967 included a Palestinian Population of 17% of total Israel Arabs.
6-By declaring the Independence of Palestine during the convention of the Palestinian National Council in its meeting in Algiers on the 15th of November 1988, accepting the establishment of the Palestinian state on just 28% of historical land of Palestine, Chairman Yasser Arafat as president of the Palestinian Liberation Organization has-consequently- recognized Israeli control over 72% of the land of Palestine.
7-Palestine was admitted to the United Nations under the status of a:“nonmember observer state” with its national flag raised along with other member states ‘flags at entrance of the United Nations building ,it joined ever since various International Organizations as well as treaties and conventions. A total of 137 states have recognized Palestine as well as five Parliaments (France –Britain-Spain-Ireland-Greece).
8-The Arab Summit call in 2002 for a two states solution was in fact conditional on putting a halt to settlements building and the establishment of a Palestinian state on the land Israel should withdraw from, to the June 4th 1967 borders of the West Bank and Gaza strip, which equals around 28% of historical land of Palestine, and in return the establishment of normal relations with Israel. However the two states solution is now facing a rejection from Israel, a position that contradicts with the proclamation of the state of Israel back on May 15th 1948 that was based on the Partition of Palestine Resolution 181 in 1947.in fact selecting the one state solution by the new American administration will lead to a wave of forced immigration of around two millions of Israel Arabs (Moslems and Christians) outside Israeli land. Under a one state rule that confines control solely to Israelis, Palestinians will be second class citizens with an apartheid and social discrimination system in the most horrible forms.
9-Accordingly, the Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs recommends underlining these clarifications and that no further bidding should be made over what Palestinians have accepted of establishing the Palestinian state on just 28% of the historical land of Palestine .The Council also recommends highlighting the necessity of dismantling all Israeli settlements, unless the Palestinians agree on a land swap that equals Israeli settlement areas.
A BRIEFING NOTE FOR INFORMATION THE MOST IMPORTANT UN RESOLUTIONS CONCERNING PALESTINE
1-UN General Assembly Resolution 181 in 1947 calling for the Partition of Palestine with an annex including a map allocating 43% of Palestinian land under the mandate System to a Palestinian state , the rest to a Jewish state, putting Jerusalem under International supervision and independent status from both Palestinian and Jewish proposed states.
2-UN General Assembly Resolution 273 of 11th May 1949 which admitted Israel to the membership of the United Nations based on Resolution 181 in 1947 which allocated to the Jewish state around 50% of Palestinian land.
3-UN Security Council Resolution 242 in 1967 calling for Israeli withdrawal from territories it occupied during the war of June 1967.
4-UN Security Council Resolution 338 of 22nd October 1973 calling for a ceasefire and implementation of Security Council Resolution 242 ,and the start of negotiations with the aim of establishing a just Peace in the Middle East.
5-UN Security Council Resolution 2334 of 23rd December 2016 which states that building Israeli settlements in occupied Arab territories is illegal, and calls for putting a halt to settlements building activities.